The prevalence of arthritis is rising year on year across the nation. Its prevalence is higher than diabetes, aids and cancer and affects 180 million people in India. It will emerge as the fourth most common joint disease, in the next decade. The country needs to ramp up its health infrastructure to tackle this upcoming burden…
There are more than 80 types of arthritis. Among them, the most common types of arthritis in India are uric acid, gout, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Studies by SRL diagnostic predicts that India will emerge as the capital of osteoarthritis by 2025, with more than 60 million to be likely affected.
Studies observed that it is more common in women than men. Nearly 45 percent of women over the age of 65 years have symptoms while radiological evidence is found in 70 percent of those over 65 years.
What is arthritis?
Arthritis means inflammation, swelling, stiffness in one or more joints.
A joint is a part of the body where two or more bones meet and facilitate the movement of one or the other. A joint is usually formed of fibrous connective tissue and cartilage; this tissue covers the surface of the bone at a joint.
In this type of arthritis, the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over the time and this causes the bones within the joint to rub together. This can cause intense pain, stiffness, and discomfort in the joints. Here, once the cartilage is damaged it cannot be repair itself as it does not have any blood vessels.
It is a chronic inflammatory and an autoimmune disease, which means the body’s own immune system attacks its own healthy cells and tissues. It happens due to the prolonged prevalence of inflammation in the body. In the case of RA, multiple joints get affected, also it can cause bone erosion and joint deformity.
High levels of uric acid form crystals that deposits in the joints and cause gout. It is a complex form of arthritis that can affect anyone. It causes severe pain, redness, swelling and stiffness in the joints.
Uric acid is a normal body waste product. It is formed when body breaks down purine, which is found from many food items. High uric acid also forms when kidneys do not eliminate it efficiently.
The Ayurvedic treatment protocol emphasizes on the correct eating regimen to create healthy state of mind, soul, and body. It explains that incompatible food habits and lifestyle are the root cause of several major diseases and disorders such as diabetes, arthritis, and cancer. It is here that Ayurveda comes in as a saviour. Ayurveda has an outstanding approach to treat lifestyle and metabolic disorders.
In Ayurveda, external therapies are prescribed along with Ayurvedic medicine for internal consumption – medicines that help revitalise the nervous system, neutralise immune system, reduce inflammation and restore damaged joints.
Conflicting lifestyle patterns are stumbling blocks on the path to a complete cure. However, through Ayurveda management, one can keep themselves safe from it getting worse.
Dr Sanand discusses the top six home remedies that can help manage aggravated inflammation and pain. It is advisable to follow these remedies for an extended period. These remedies may not be a permanent course of treatment but are a great palliative for the pain and inflammation in arthritis.